This is a list of articles, chapters, and commentaries written by PPSI scientists and collaborators from other research institutions.
First Author Title [ Type] Year
Filters: Author is Richard Spoth [Clear All Filters]
Implementing universal competency-training interventions with rural families of young adolescents. Unpublished manuscript.(1997).
A framework for building community-partnership capacity to promote youth development and prevent substance-related problems: Practitioner and scientist tasks, resources and issues. Unpublished manuscript written for Annenberg Adolescent Mental Health Commission.(2003).
Which psychosocial factors are related to drinking among rural adolescents?. Journal Of Child And Adolescent Substance Abuse, 13(1), 19-35.(2003).
Universal intervention effects on substance use among young adults mediated by delayed adolescent substance initiation. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 77(4), 620-632.(2009).
Universal intervention as a protective shield against exposure to substance use: Long-term outcomes and public health significance. American Journal Of Public Health, 99(11), 2026-2033.(2009).
Universal family-focused interventions in alcohol-use disorder prevention: Cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of two interventions. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol, 63(2), 219-228.(2002).
Universal family-focused intervention with young adolescents: effects on health-risking sexual behaviors and STDs among young adults. Prevention Science, 15(Supplement 1), S47-S58.(2014).
Unique influence of mothers and fathers on their children's antisocial behavior. Journal Of Marriage And Family, 66(3), 762-778.(2004).
Two studies of proximal outcomes and implementation quality of universal preventive interventions in a community-university collaboration context. Journal Of Community Psychology, 30(5), 499-518.(2002).
Translating family-focused prevention science into public health impact: Illustrations from partnership-based research. Alcohol Research And Health, 34(2), 188-203. Retrieved from http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh342/188-203.htm(2011).
Translating family-focused prevention science into effective practice: Toward a translational impact paradigm. Current Directions In Psychological Science, 17(6), 415-421.(2008).
Toward dissemination of evidence-based family interventions: Maintenance of community-based partnership recruitment results and associated factors. Journal Of Family Psychology, 21(2), 137-146.(2007).
Toward a comprehensive strategy for effective practitioner-scientist partnerships and larger-scale community health and well-being. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 35(3/4), 107-126.(2005).
Thriving in school: The role of sixth grade adolescent-parent-school relationships in predicting eighth-grade academic outcomes. Youth & Society, 48(6), 739-762.(2016).
Thrill seeking and religiosity in relation to adolescent substance use: Tests of joint, interactive, and indirect influences. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 25(4), 683-696.(2011).
A theory-based parent competency model incorporating intervention attendance effects. Family Relations, 45(2), 139-147.(1996).
A test of three alternative hypotheses regarding the effects of early delinquency on adolescent psychosocial functioning and substance involvement. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35(5), 831-843.(2007).
Team factors that predict to sustainability indicators for community-based prevention teams. Evaluation And Program Planning, 34(3), 283-291.(2011).
Survey of prevention-relevant beliefs and efforts to enhance parenting skills among rural parents. The Journal Of Rural Health, 9(3), 227-239.(1993).
Substance-use outcomes at 18 months past baseline: The PROSPER community-university partnership trial. American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 32(5), 395-402.(2007).
Substance use outcomes 5½ years past baseline for partnership-based, family-school preventive interventions. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 96(1-2), 57-68.(2008).
Substance misuse prevention and economic analysis: Challenges and opportunities regarding international utility. Substance Use And Misuse, 47(8/9), 877-888.(2012).
Study of participation barriers in family-focused prevention: Research issues and preliminary results. International Quarterly Of Community Health Education, 13(4), 365-388.(1993).
The Strong African American Families Program: Translating research into prevention programming. Child Development, 75(3), 900-917.(2004).
The Strong African American Families Program: Prevention of youths' high-risk behavior and a test of a model of change. Journal Of Family Psychology, 20(1), 1-11.(2006).
The Strengthening Families Program for young adolescents: Overview and outcomes. Residential Treatment For Children And Youth, 18(3), 15-29.(2001).
Stage of quitting and motivational factors relevant to smoking cessation program choices. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 7(1), 29-42.(1993).
Sources of bias in Gorman critique of bias: again a need for more reasonable, valid conclusions with true dialogue. Psychological Medicine, 48(04), 697-700. Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0033291717002951/type/journal_article(2018).
Sociodemographic factors and parent beliefs relevant to the prevention of adolescent behavior problems. Family Perspective, 27(3), 285-303.(1993).
Social competence and substance use among rural youth: Mediating role of social benefit expectancies of use. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 30(4), 485-498.(2001).
Six-year sustainability of evidence-based intervention implementation quality by community-university partnerships: The PROSPER study. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 48(3-4), 412-425.(2011).
Self-verification as a mediator of mothers' self-fulfilling effects on adolescents' educational attainment. Personality And Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(5), 587-600.(2011).
Self-fulfilling prophecy effects of mothers' beliefs on children's alcohol use: Accumulation, dissipation, and stability over time. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 90(6), 911-926.(2006).
The self-fulfilling prophecy as an intrafamily dynamic. Journal Of Family Psychology, 18(3), 459-469.(2004).
Self-fulfilling prophecies: The synergistic accumulative effect of parents' beliefs on children's drinking behavior. Psychological Science, 15(12), 837-845.(2004).
The self-fulfilling influence of mother expectations on children's underage drinking. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 84(6), 1188-1205.(2003).
Self-efficacy as a moderator of negative and positive self-fulfilling prophecy effects: Mothers' beliefs and children's alcohol use. European Journal Of Social Psychology, 38(3), 499-520.(2008).
Rural-urban differences in the distribution of parent-reported risk factors for substance use among young adolescents. Journal Of Substance Abuse, 13(4), 609-623.(2001).
Rural youth involvement in the implementation of an evidence-based substance use preventive intervention. Rural Mental Health, 31(2), 9-18.(2006).
Rural teacher training. The Rural Educator, 24(1), 3-12.(2002).
Rural community partnership recruitment for an evidence-based family-focused prevention program: The PROSPER project. Rural Mental Health, 29(2), 23-28.(2004).
The role of the self-fulfilling prophecy in young adolescents' responsiveness to a substance use prevention program. Journal Of Applied Social Psychology, 43(9), 1784-1798.(2013).
The role of assertiveness and decision making in early adolescent substance initiation: Mediating processes. Journal Of Research On Adolescence, 13(3), 301-328.(2003).
Risk moderation of parent and child outcomes in a preventive intervention: A test and replication. American Journal Of Orthopsychiatry, 68(4), 565-579.(1998).
Risk factors for substance use and adolescents’ symptoms of depression. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 60(1), 50-56.(2017).
Resource consumption of a diffusion model for prevention programs: The PROSPER delivery system. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 50(3), 256-263.(2012).
Research on family engagement in preventive interventions: Toward improved use of scientific findings in primary prevention practice. The Journal Of Primary Prevention, 21(2), 267-284.(2000).
Replication RCT of early universal prevention effects on young adult substance misuse. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 82(6), 949-963.(2014).
Replicating and extending a model of effects of universal preventive intervention during early adolescence on young adult substance misuse. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 84(10), 913-921.(2016).
Reducing adolescents' growth in substance use and delinquency: Randomized trial effects of a parent-training prevention intervention. Prevention Science, 4(3), 203-212.(2003).
Reducing adolescents' aggressive and hostile behaviors: Randomized trial effects of a brief family intervention 4 years past baseline. Archives Of Pediatrics And Adolescent Medicine, 154(12), 1248-1257.(2000).
Randomized trial of brief family interventions for general populations: Adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 69(4), 627-642.(2001).
Randomized study of combined universal family and school preventive interventions: Patterns of long-term effects on initiation, regular use, and weekly drunkenness. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 19(4), 372-381.(2005).
A protective process model of parent-child affective quality and child mastery effects on oppositional behaviors: A test and replication. Journal Of School Psychology, 37(1), 49-71.(1999).
Protective factors and young adolescent tendency to abstain from alcohol use: A model using two waves of intervention study data. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 24(6), 749-770.(1996).
PROSPER study of evidence-based intervention implementation quality by community-university partnerships. Journal Of Community Psychology, 35(8), 981-999.(2007).
PROSPER partnership delivery system: Effects on adolescent conduct problem behavior outcomes through 6.5 years past baseline. Journal Of Adolescence, 45, 44-55.(2015).
PROSPER intervention effects on adolescents' alcohol misuse vary by GABRA2. Prevention Science, 19(1), 15-16.(2018).
PROSPER delivery of universal preventive interventions with young adolescents: Long-term effects on emerging adult substance misuse and associated risk behaviors. Psychological Medicine, 47(13), 2246-2259.(2017).
A prospective validation study of inclination, belief, and context predictors of family-focused prevention involvement. Family Process, 36(4), 403-429.(1997).
Project Family prevention trials based in community-university partnerships: Toward scaled-up preventive interventions. Prevention Science, 3(3), 203-221.(2002).
Program provider and observer ratings of school-based preventive intervention implementation: Agreement and relation to youth outcomes. Health Education And Behavior, 31(2), 242-257. Retrieved from http://heb.sagepub.com/content/31/2/242.long(2004).
Preventive interventions addressing underage drinking: State of the evidence and steps toward public health impact. Pediatrics, 121(Supplement 4), S311-S336.(2008).
Preventing substance misuse through community-university partnerships: Randomized controlled trial outcomes 4½ years past baseline. American Journal Of Preventive Medicine, 40(4), 440-447.(2011).
Preparing for the Drug Free Years: Session-specific effects of a universal parent-training intervention with rural families. Journal Of Drug Education, 31(1), 47-68.(2001).
Predicting smoking among rural adolescents: Social and cognitive processes. Nicotine And Tobacco Research, 5(4), 485-491.(2003).
The power of a collaborative relationship between technical assistance providers and community prevention teams: A correlational and longitudinal study. Evaluation And Program Planning, 54, 19-29.(2016).
Positive childhood experiences and positive adult functioning: Prosocial continuity and the role of adolescent substance use. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 49(2), 180-186.(2011).
Popularity as a predictor of early alcohol use and moderator of other risk processes. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol And Drugs, 75(6), 919-928.(2014).
Pathways to sustainability: 8-year follow-up from the PROSPER project. The Journal Of Primary Prevention, 37(3), 263-286.(2016).
Parent motivation to enroll in parenting skills programs: A model of family context and health belief predictors. Journal Of Family Psychology, 9(3), 294-310.(1995).
Parent and child characteristics related to chosen adolescent alcohol and drug prevention program. Health Education Research, 27(1), 1-13.(2012).
Overview of preventive interventions addressing underage drinking: State of the evidence and steps toward public health impact. Alcohol Research And Health, 32(1), 53-66. Retrieved from http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh321/53-66.htm(2009).
Opportunities to meet challenges in rural prevention research: Findings from an evolving community-university partnership model. Journal Of Rural Health, 23(Supplement s1), 42-54.(2007).
A multi-level examination of how the organizational context relates to readiness to implement prevention and evidence-based programming in community settings. Evaluation And Program Planning, 48, 63-74.(2015).
Modeling long-term parent outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: One-year follow-up results. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 67(6), 975-984.(1999).
Modeling factors influencing enrollment in family-focused preventive intervention research. Prevention Science, 1(4), 213-225.(2000).
A model of the effects of protective parent and peer factors on young adolescent alcohol refusal skills. The Journal Of Primary Prevention, 16(4), 373-394.(1996).
Mixed picture of readiness for adoption of evidence-based prevention programs in communities: Exploratory surveys of state program delivery systems. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 55(3-4), 253-265.(2015).
The mediation of mothers' self-fulfilling effects on their children's alcohol use: Self-verification, informational conformity, and modeling processes. Journal Of Personality And Social Psychology, 95(2), 369-384.(2008).
Long-term protective factor outcomes of evidence-based interventions implemented by community teams through a community-university partnership. Journal Of Primary Prevention, 30(5), 513-530.(2009).
Long-term effects of universal preventive interventions on prescription drug misuse. Addiction, 103(7), 1160-1168.(2008).
Long-term effects of universal preventive interventions on methamphetamine use among adolescents. Archives Of Pediatrics And Adolescent Medicine, 160(9), 876-882.(2006).
Longitudinal substance initiation outcomes for a universal preventive intervention combining family and school programs. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 16(2), 129-134.(2002).
Longitudinal relations among negative affect, substance use, and peer deviance during the transition from middle to late adolescence. Substance Use And Misuse, 44(8), 1142-1159.(2009).
Longitudinal modeling of adolescent normative beliefs and substance initiation. Journal Of Alcohol And Drug Education, 49(2), 7-41.(2005).
Longitudinal effects of universal preventive intervention on prescription drug misuse: Three randomized controlled trials with late adolescents and young adults. American Journal Of Public Health, 103(4), 665-672.(2013).
Longitudinal effects of a universal family-focused intervention on growth patterns of adolescent internalizing symptoms and polysubstance use: Gender comparisons. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 36(6), 725-740.(2007).
Longitudinal associations of alcohol involvement with subjective well-being in adolescence and prediction to alcohol problems in early adulthood. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 40(9), 1215-1224.(2011).
Internalizing symptoms: Effects of a preventive intervention on developmental pathways from early adolescence to young adulthood. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 41(6), 788-801.(2012).
Internalizing, social competence, and substance initiation: Influence of gender moderation and a preventive intervention. Subst Use Misuse, 39(6), 963-991.(2004).
The interaction of conduct problems and depressed mood in relation to adolescent substance involvement and peer substance use. Drug And Alcohol Dependence, 96(3), 233-248.(2008).
Influence of a family-focused substance use preventive intervention on growth in adolescent depressive symptoms. Journal Of Research On Adolescence, 17(3), 541-564.(2007).
Increasing School Success Through Partnership-Based Family Competency Training: Experimental Study of Long-Term Outcomes. School Psychology Quarterly, 23(1), 70-89.(2008).
Implementation of adolescent family-based substance use prevention programs in health care settings: Comparisons across conditions and programs. Health Education Journal, 71(1), 53-61.(2012).
The impact of a prevention delivery system on perceived social capital: The PROSPER project. Prevention Science, 15(2), 125-137.(2014).
Impact challenges in community science-with-practice: Lessons from PROSPER on transformative practitioner-scientist partnerships and prevention infrastructure development. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 48(1-2), 106-119.(2011).
Illustration of a market segmentation technique using family-focused prevention program preference data. Health Education Research, 11(2), 259-267.(1996).
Identifying program preferences through conjoint analysis: Illustrative results from a parent sample. American Journal Of Health Promotion, 8(2), 124-133.(1993).
Gender-related quality of parent-child interactions and early adolescent problem behaviors: Exploratory study with midwestern samples. Journal Of Family Issues, 27(6), 826-849.(2006).
Gender moderation of the intergenerational transmission and stability of depressive symptoms from early adolescence to early adulthood. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 46(1), 248-260.(2017).
Gender moderation and social developmental mediation of the effect of a family-focused substance use preventive intervention on young adult alcohol abuse. Addictive Behaviors, 34(6-7), 599-605.(2009).
Further clear examples of the need for more reasonable conclusions and critiques about prevention. Addiction, 104(1), 154-155.(2009).
Finding a path to more reasonable conclusions about prevention: A response to Midford. Addiction, 103(7), 1171-1173.(2008).
Family-focused preventive interventions: Evaluating parental risk moderation of substance use trajectories. Journal Of Family Psychology, 18(2), 293-301.(2004).
Family-centered preventive intervention science: Toward benefits to larger populations of children, youth, and families. Prevention Science, 3(3), 145-152.(2002).
Family- and community-level predictors of parent support seeking. Journal Of Community Psychology, 30(2), 153-171.(2002).
Factors that predict financial sustainability of community coalitions: Five years of findings from the PROSPER partnership project. Prevention Science, 16(1), 158-167.(2015).
Externalizing behaviors as predictors of substance initiation trajectories among rural adolescents. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 37(6), 493-501.(2005).
Extending previous cG×I findings on 5-HTTLPR's moderation of intervention effects on adolescent substance misuse initiation. Child Development, 88(6), 2001-2012. Retrieved from http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/cdev.12666(2017).
Exploratory study of a preventive intervention with general population African American families. Journal Of Early Adolescence, 23(4), 435-468.(2003).
Evaluation of a social contextual model of delinquency: A cross-study replication. Child Development, 73(1), 175-195.(2002).
Evaluating the impact of implementation factors on family-based prevention programming: Methods for strengthening causal inference. Prevention Science, 15(2), 246-255.(2014).
Engaging rural parents in family-focused programs to prevent youth substance abuse. The Journal Of Primary Prevention, 24(3), 223-242.(2004).
Engaging families in longitudinal preventive intervention research: Discrete-time survival analysis of socioeconomic and social-emotional risk factors. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 67(1), 157-163.(1999).
Emergence of delinquency and depressed mood throughout adolescence as predictors of late adolescent problem substance use. Psychology Of Addictive Behaviors, 21(1), 13-24.(2007).
Effects of the "Preparing for the Drug Free Years" curriculum on growth in alcohol use and risk for alcohol use in early adolescence. Prevention Science, 1(3), 125-138.(2000).
Effects of PROSPER on the influence potential of prosocial versus antisocial youth in adolescent friendship networks. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 53(2), 174-179.(2013).
Effects of parenting and deviant peers on early to mid-adolescent conduct problems. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40(8), 1249-1264.(2012).
Effects of parent-child affective quality during high school years on subsequent substance use. International Journal Of Emotional Education, 4(1), 25-42. Retrieved from http://www.enseceurope.org/journal/Papers/ENSECV4I1P2.pdf(2012).
The effects of incentives and research requirements on participation rates for a community-based preventive intervention research study. The Journal Of Primary Prevention, 24(1), 25-41.(2003).
Effects of adolescent universal substance misuse preventive interventions on young adult depression symptoms: Mediational modeling. Journal Of Abnormal Child Psychology, 44(2), 257-268.(2016).
Effects of a preventive parent-training intervention on observed family interactions: Proximal outcomes from Preparing for the Drug Free Years. Journal Of Community Psychology, 25(4), 337-352.(1997).
Effects of a preventive intervention on adolescent substance use initiation, expectancies, and refusal intentions. Prevention Science, 4(2), 109-122.(2003).
Effective recruitment of parents into family-focused prevention research: A comparison of two strategies. Psychology And Health, 9(5), 353-370.(1994).
Economic analysis of methamphetamine prevention effects and employer costs. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol And Drugs, 72(4), 577-585.(2011).
Direct and indirect latent-variable parenting outcomes of two universal family-focused preventive interventions: Extending a public health-oriented research base. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 66(2), 385-399.(1998).
Dimensions of adolescent alcohol involvement as predictors of young-adult major depression. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol And Drugs, 69(2), 275-285.(2008).
Developmental differences in early adolescent aggression: A gene × environment × intervention analysis. Journal Of Youth And Adolescence, 44(3), 581-597.(2015).
A controlled parenting skills outcome study examining individual difference and attendance effects. Journal Of Marriage And The Family, 57(2), 449-464.(1995).
Consumer-focused data collection in prevention program evaluation: Rationale and illustrations. Evaluation And The Health Professions, 16(3), 278-294.(1993).
The conditioning of intervention effects on early adolescent alcohol use by maternal involvement and dopamine receptor D4 (DRD4) and serotonin transporter linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) genetic variants. Development And Psychopathology, 27(Special Issue 01), 51-67.(2015).
Community and team member factors that influence the operations phase of local prevention teams: The PROSPER project. Prevention Science, 8(3), 214-226.(2007).
Community and team member factors that influence the early phase functioning of community prevention teams: The PROSPER project. Journal Of Primary Prevention, 28(6), 485-504.(2007).
Challenges in defining and developing the field of rural mental disorder preventive intervention research. American Journal Of Community Psychology, 25(4), 425-448. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/journal/10464/25/4/page/1(1997).
The Capable Families and Youth Project: Extension-university-community partnerships. Journal Of Extension, 39(3). Retrieved from http://www.joe.org/joe/2001june/a6.php(2001).
Brief family intervention effects on adolescent substance initiation: School-level growth curve analyses 6 years following baseline. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 72(3), 535-542.(2004).
Benefits of universal intervention effects on a youth protective shield 10 years after baseline. Journal Of Adolescent Health, 50(4), 414-417.(2012).
Barriers to participation in family skills preventive interventions and their evaluations: A replication and extension. Family Relations, 45(3), 247-254.(1996).
Associations between alcohol dehydrogenase genes and alcohol use across early and middle adolescence: Moderation × Preventive interventionAbstract. Development And Psychopathology, 30(01), 297-313. Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0954579417000633/type/journal_article(2018).
Assessing a public health approach to delay onset and progression of adolescent substance use: Latent transition and log-linear analyses of longitudinal family preventive intervention outcomes. Journal Of Consulting And Clinical Psychology, 67(5), 619-630.(1999).
Assertiveness among young rural adolescents: Relationship to alcohol use. Journal Of Child And Adolescent Substance Abuse, 14(3), 39-68.(2005).
Applying readily accessible graphical techniques to assess curvilinear relationships and detect outliers. The case of protective family processes. Evaluation And The Health Professions, 20(3), 353-364.(1997).
Analyzing data from experimental studies: A latent variable structural equation modeling approach. Journal Of Counseling Psychology, 45(1), 18-29.(1998).
An alternative method for sample size determination in substance misuse prevention research. International Journal Of The Addictions, 28(11), 1085-1094.(1993).
Alcohol initiation outcomes of universal family-focused preventive interventions: One- and two-year follow-ups of a controlled study. Journal Of Studies On Alcohol, Supplement 13, 103-111.(1999).
An adolescent substance prevention model blocks the effect of CHRNA5 genotype on smoking during high school. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 18(2), 212-220.(2016).
A universal intervention for the prevention of substance abuse: Preparing for the Drug Free Years. In Drug abuse prevention through family interventions (pp. 130-159). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved from http://archives.drugabuse.gov/pdf/monographs/monograph177/monograph177.pdf(1998).
The Strengthening Families Program for the prevention of delinquency and drug use. In Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency (pp. 241-267). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.(1996).
School- and family-level income effects in a randomized controlled prevention trial: A multilevel analysis. In Family Support as Reflective Practice (pp. 250-265). London: Jessica Kingsley.(2006).
Research on the Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10-14: Long-term effects, mechanisms, translation to public health, PROSPER partnership scale up. In Handbook of Adolescent Drug Use Prevention: Research, Intervention Strategies, and Practice (pp. 267-292). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.(2015).
Project Family: A partnership integrating research with the practice of promoting family and youth competencies. In Serving Children and Families Through Community-University Partnerships: Success Stories (Vol. 1, pp. 127-137). New York: Springer Science & Business Media .(1999).
The partnership-based PROSPER delivery system and implementation of the Strengthening Families Program: For Parents and Youth 10-14. In Family-Centered Prevention Programs for Children and Adolescents: Theory, Research, and Large-Scale Dissemination (pp. 160-185). NY: Psychology Press.(2016).
Illustrating a framework for rural prevention research: Project Family studies of rural family participation and outcomes. In Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency (pp. 299-328). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.(1996).
Family-focused prevention intervention research: A pragmatic perspective on issues and future directions. In Drug Abuse Prevention Through Family Interventions. NIDA Research Monograph 177 (pp. 459-510). Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved from https://archives.drugabuse.gov/pdf/monographs/monograph177/459-510_Spoth.pdf(1998).
Teacher perceptions of risk and protective factors for substance use among Iowa K‑8 school children. Research Monograph Report to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention and the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment for the Iowa Department of Public Health. Ames, IA: Iowa State University, Social and Behavioral Research Center for Rural Health.(1995).
Parent reported risk and protective factors for substance use among Iowa elementary and middle school children. Research Monograph Report to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention and the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment for the Iowa Department of Public Health. Ames, IA: Iowa State University, Social and Behavioral Research Center for Rural Health.(1995).
Iowa substance abuse prevention needs assessment: Public survey findings. Research Monograph Report to the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention for the Iowa Department of Public Health. Cedar Falls, IA: University of Northern Iowa Center for Social and Behavioral Research.(1999).
Competency Training: The Strengthening Families Program for Parents and Youth 10‑14. OJJDP Family Strengthening Series, Juvenile Justice Bulletin, 11 pages. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Retrieved from https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/182208.pdf(2000).